7 Types of Hackers Your Small Business Should Look Out For

You hear it in the news all the time. “ABC Company Suffers Data Breach” “Government Website Hacked”. After hearing it over and over, you’re probably numb to the news or confused about what you should do.  If you’re reading this blog, you probably fall into the latter group of individuals. By reading this you’ll figure out the types of hackers that are after your company’s information.

7 Types of Hackers

  1. White Hat or Ethical Hackers: These types of hackers use their skills to help individuals, companies, and organizations. They do so by finding vulnerabilities in software and hardware so patches can be released, teaching others how to secure themselves online, and using their knowledge to protect computer networks.
  2. Script Kiddies & Other Novices: This group of hackers is made up of low skill hackers that usually rely on easy to use software instead of their own abilities. They usually use hacking as a way to steal someone’s private information or perform a DDOS attack on a website. Sometimes they are motivated by revenge.
  3. Gray Hat Hackers: Normally these hackers don’t hack for financial gain. However, their motives can be good or bad. For example, a gray hat hacker may disclose the vulnerability to a site owner of a website they hacked. OR, they could make their hack public in the name of hacktivism.
  4. Black Hat Hackers: These hackers use their skills for financial gain. Some hackers are competitive and enjoy the thrill of a challenge. These hackers use a wide variety of hacks including exploiting vulnerabilities, computer intrusion, identity theft, vandalism of systems, leaking or selling sensitive government and business information, or creation of malware (this includes ransomware).
  5. Hacktivists: These hackers usually try to right what they perceive as wrong in the world. For example, they can DDOS the websites of organizations accused of animal cruelty. Other times, they could leak information, dox, or report terrorist accounts on social media. Sometimes, online events are even coordinated with protests on the ground.
  6. Nation-State Hackers: These hackers are also known as Advanced Persistent Threats (APT). They are employed by governments and engage in various activities against other nations. Their activities can include espionage, social engineering, and creating malware with the goals of extracting classified information.
  7. A Malicious Insider: This last group is one that is often left out. These are usually, but not limited to, disgruntled employees. They can be hired by a competitor in order to steal trade secrets or steal confidential company data before they are shown the door.

Countering Hackers

Out of all of these, small business owners should look out for Black Hat Hackers and Malicious Insiders. If you deal with the government, you should also be looking out for attacks from Nation-State Hackers as well. Your best methods for countering hackers are proactive maintenance, security software and devices, and a robust and tested backup.

Not sure if your IT is up to par? Maybe an IT Assessment is good for you. If your business has 10 or more computers, that assessment is free! You’ll be able to see what’s REALLY going on in your IT network. Plus, after the assessment is done, you’ll get a roadmap to becoming secure from hackers! Fill out our form here or give a call to schedule at 913-239-0368.

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